Judge Rules Facebook Will Not Pay Damages As Part Of Class Action

A federal judge in San Francisco ruled on Thursday that Facebook is not subject to a potential collective lawsuit from 29 million users affected by a 2018 data breach. However, the judge ruled the group can seek better security from the social media giant.

United States District Judge William Alsup determined the cost of credit monitoring or any reduced value in information experienced by Facebook users met the threshold of “cognizable injury” that would be necessary to justify a class action. Judge Alsup explains any damage a user claims in efforts to mitigate the damage of the data breach must be addressed on an individual basis.

Alsup determined that Facebook users would be allowed to file a suit against the platform as a group to demand things like improved security monitoring, better training for employees, and education regarding threats posed by hackers.

Facebook made the argument that the bug resulting in the breach was fixed and there was no need for the measures ordered by the judge. However, Judge Alsup rejected this argument. Alsup wrote in his opinion that the long-term need for oversight was created by the repeated loss of user information to third-parties by Facebook.

A class-action suit could have possibly subjected Facebook to a higher payout than the accumulation of individual suits.

Lawyers for Facebook did not have an immediate response to the decision by Judge Alsup. Facebook was also unwilling to talk about the situation.

Facebook explained in the past that the data breach happened on September 28, 2018. Hackers were able to access the accounts of 50 million Facebook users. This constituted the largest data breach in Facebook history.

Two weeks later, Facebook walked back the scope of the cyberattack and said that 30 million users had their personal information compromised. An additional 29 users had information about them revealed like gender, phone numbers, and email addresses.

This is far from the first time Facebook has faced a lawsuit over privacy issues. One of the larger cases involved Facebook allowing a British consulting firm that goes by the name of Cambridge Analytica to access the personal information of 87 million users.

United States District Judge Vince Chhabria ruled in September that Facebook is liable for damage in the Cambridge Analytica case and characterized the approach Facebook takes to the privacy of their users as “so wrong.”

Mark Zuckerberg, the owner of Facebook, provided his thoughts regarding the privacy of those who use social media platforms in a March 6 blog post. In the post, Zuckerberg expressed an understanding that the expectation of privacy is a central theme to user interaction with social media platforms.

Source: https://www.reuters.com/article/us-facebook-lawsuit/facebook-must-face-data-breach-class-action-on-security-but-not-damages-judge-idUSKBN1Y125W

 

University of Florida Files an Impeachment Resolution Against Their President

Michael Murphy, student body president at the University of Florida, might be in trouble. It seems his fellow-students are quite disgruntled that he invited Donald Trump Jr. and his lady friend, former Fox News host Kimberly Guilfoyle, to give a speech at the university.

It was not so much that the students were opposed to the speakers. It was the price tag that was attached for giving their speech – $50,000, which was paid for from required student fees. As a result, a group of senators on the student body initiated impeachment proceedings aimed at Murphy. They believe the student body president grossly abused his power.

One of the student senators, Zachariah Chou, opposed Murphy for the president’s office and lost the election. Some believe this might be a conflict of interest. Murphy is the son of Dan Murphy. The senior Murphy works for the lobbying group, BGR Group. He has already maxed out donations to the 2020 campaign for President Trump. He is also known to be an associate of Trump Jr.

Michael Murphy has placed photos of himself via social media, showing himself at Trump’s inauguration. Another shows him in the White House with Education Secretary Betsy DeVos. Apparently, some of his fellow-students are questioning if all of this amounts to a conflict of interest.

President Murphy is not taking his impeachment inquiry lightly. He has hired the one-time general counselor for a previous Florida governor, Daniel Nordby, along with Rick Scott, the current senator, to represent him. Senator Scott said the pending impeachment is “shameful.” The Republican Party of Florida publicized a page on its website allowing supporters to add their name in support of the student. Trump Jr. also tweeted about the Murphy impeachment inquiry, “Enough of this nonsense.”

Following the speech by Trump Jr., a former University of Florida alumna, Mariana Castro requested all emails involving Murphy, in regards to the invitation to Trump Jr. to appear on campus. An email thread was returned from Caroline Wren. Wren is a veteran Republican fund-raiser. She also is the financial consultant for the Trump Victory Committee.

So, the beat goes on. Some students see the emails as the smoking gun. They see it as proof that Trump the campaign and Murphy colluded to funnel fees from the students toward a partisan cause.

The impeachment resolution against Murphy has been filed. It proposes that student fees were used by Murphy to advance his own expressed political beliefs as well as for violating the students’ governing laws that forbid student government funds from being used to support a political party.

It is doubtful Murphy will resign his position as president. It is equally doubtful that the students will withdraw the impeachment resolution. So, it apparently will be played out in the student court.

Source: https://www.alligator.org/news/judiciary-committee-fails-resolution-to-impeach-student-body-president/article_a90167b0-0ce5-11ea-b1e2-a7cde983a27b.html

Book Author Sentenced To Prison Term For Her Role In College Admissions Scam

The author of a parenting advice book found out she will spend three weeks behind bars on Wednesday. The sentence handed to 51-year-old Jane Buckingham was for taking part in the college admissions scam that shocked the nation. Prosecutors requested the court sentence Buckingham to six months in prison after proving she paid a test proctor $50,000 to take sit for the ACT exam in place of her son.

Defense attorneys for the author of “The Modern Girl’s Guide to Motherhood” asked Judge Indira Talwani to sentence their client to probation. Judge Talwani declined the request and explained that other parents who participated in the scandal had also been sentenced to prison. The author was also ordered to pay a fine of $40,000.

Buckingham is one of 52 individuals who were arrested for conspiring with a consultant for college admissions in California to secure spots at top-level schools for their children through bribery and other dishonest methods.

The consultant at the center of the controversy, William Singer entered a plea of guilty to charges of bribing sports coaches and cheating college entrance exams in March. One method Singer used to secure a spot at universities for students was to bribe officials in the athletic department of the schools to provide athletic scholarships that were not earned.

Other high-profile parents arrested in the scandal include actress Felicity Huffman of “Desperate Housewives,” and Lori Laughlin, a star on the sitcom “Full House.” Huffman pleaded guilty and received a 14-day jail sentence for her role in the scandal. Huffman is still fighting the charges against her.

Mark Riddell works as a counselor at a private school in Florida. Riddell issued a guilty plea in response to charges he took the SAT and ACT for clients recruited by Singer. He also confessed to taking the test for students while performing his duties as a test proctor.

Buckingham expressed remorse for her actions and says she understands there is no way to undo the harm she has caused. Buckingham also apologized to the children and families who were negatively affected by her actions. She acknowledged that what happened to them was “wrong and unfair.”

Are the Issued Certificates Counterfeits?

A question on whether Kenyan citizens might be holding on to counterfeit insurance credentials is the primary concern. Kenya’s insurance firms should conduct the process of issuing certificates. Questions as to the legality of these certificates issued by other entities. A bill was projected to make endowment beside Third-Party Risks arising out of motor vehicles usage. The law was in the official Gazette of November 14, 1944, of the Colony and Protectorate of Kenya. The policy of insurance, according to the proposal’s section 5, subsection (a) says that it should be is allotted by an individual sanctioned by the Governor, as an underwriter for the resolves of this Regulation.

About the Certificate of Insurance, in Section 7 of the equivalent proposal, it states that a dogma shall be of no result for the resolves of this law until it’s handed out by the underwriter to the party by whom the policy has effected a license in the approved procedure. The procedure encloses such details of any settings subject to which the strategy is allotted and of any other matters as may be agreed, and different customs and facts may be set concerning unlike cases.

The description of a Certificate of Insurance is repeated in Section 7 of the Insurance Motor Vehicles Third Party Risks Act No.12 of 1945. In the law, an insurance policy must be one which is allotted by a syndicate which is prerequisite in the Insurance Act 1984 (Cap. 487) to do automobile insurance business.

Since a non-recognized body is issuing these legal documents in the Insurance Act, the Association of Kenya Insurer cannot assume the activity. AKI’s logo is on every motor insurance certificates, which raises a question on its authenticity as well. As a self-regulatory body of insurance firms, AKI must be authorized to design, print and issue certificates. Thus it makes the licenses legitimate and binding. However, AKI has been performing roles which they are unpermitted to by the Act.

A company that’s not a member of AKI cannot issue the certificates bearing its name without permission. However, companies that fail to honor the set rules are issued the insurance certificates. If this should continue, AKI should be granted the power to force these companies to pay claims. But, a company should be able to issue permits without AKI’s prying since its membership is voluntary.

Ukraine Mobster Lev Parnas Paid Rudy $500,000 For Legal Advice

China’s top negotiator Liu He punched a hole in Trump’s phase one trade deal after Trump told the press China would start buying huge amounts of farm products immediately. According to the Chinese news agency, the phase one agreement is more like a tariff cease-fire than a new trade deal.

Liu He said Chinese importers will buy more agricultural products, but he wants to have another meeting with Mnuchin and Lighthizer before China agrees to Trump’s terms. Mr. Liu also said Mr. Trump would have to take the December tariffs off the table before the president meets with President Xi in November.

Morgan Stanley told investors not to get excited about Trump’s trade deal. Several important issues are still up in the air. It’s doubtful Trump will be able to force Xi to agree to anything unless Trump drops the tariffs.

The White House tried to limit what Trump’s expert on Russia Fiona Hill could say to Adam Schiff’s inquiry panel. White House attorneys sent Hill’s attorney Lee Wolosky a note that said Hill couldn’t talk about any information that fell under executive privilege. Hill’s attorney told Trump executive privilege doesn’t count when the information is no longer confidential. And attorney Lee Wolosky also told the White House executive privilege doesn’t count when the president commits a crime.

Michael Bloomberg thought Joe Biden would win the nomination before Trump trashed him over his son’s position with a Ukraine gas company. Biden continues to fight Trump’s attacks as well as the attacks by other Republicans. But his funding-raising efforts took a beating after the Trump-Zelensky call. Mr. Biden claims he won’t let Trump bring him down, but some political analysts think Biden’s campaign is on the rocks.

Mr. Bloomberg may enter the race if Biden drops out. Mr. Bloomberg has the money, the connections, and the smarts to go toe-to-toe with Trump.

Lev Parnas hired Rudy Giuliani so he and his partner Igor Fruman could get close to Mr. Trump. Parnas paid Giuliani $500,000 for business and legal advice. But the only advice Rudy gave the men was they needed to introduce him to Ukraine Prosecutor General Lutsenko if they wanted to pull off the gas scheme they had up their mobster sleeves.

Rudy claims the money didn’t come from foreign sources. Federal prosecutors in Manhattan plan to find out where the $500,000 actually came from. And the Feds want to know why Parnas paid Rudy that much money for advice.

Source: https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-7573637/Trump-lawyer-Giuliani-paid-500-000-consult-indicted-associates-firm.html

Amber Guyger’s Trial Spurs Legal and Moral Debate Across the U.S.

It was two shots that were heard around the country — maybe even the whole world. In September of 2018, Dallas police officer Amber Guyger entered the apartment of her neighbor, Botham Jean, and fired bullets into his body. Later on, she would claim that she did so in self-defense, believing that his apartment was her own. Jean died as a result of his injuries. In the weeks, months and year that followed, these events would shine a light on the Dallas police force and even the legal system at large.

First, the community clamored for Amber Guyger to be arrested in the first place. With the police force on her side, Gugyer seemed to initially be capable of avoiding charges after the murder. Eventually, however, the law prevailed and Guyger was arrested for the killing of Botham Jean. Her trial last month was marked by astonishing twists and turns, many of which were dutifully recorded by the news media. First there was the matter of her romantic relationship with her married police partner. In the minutes leading up to the fatal incident, it was reported that Guyger had been calling and sending text messages to Martin Rivera. The prosecution seemed to put forth that this was why Guyger was distracted and parked on the wrong floor — an action that would later prove fateful as she then walked to the wrong apartment. Not noticing the bright red mat in front of the door — or many of the other landmarks that would indicate she was on the wrong floor — Guyger then opened Jean’s door and fired upon him, supposedly believing that he was an intruder.

Over the course of the trial, the events that led up to the shooting would be rehashed and scrutinized in painfully intricate detail. The way that Guyger opened the door was even discussed and explored. Later in the trial, the judge would make a controversial move by allowing the jury to apply Castle Doctrine if they wanted. This law is the one that many compare to Florida’s “Stand Your Ground” law, and its inclusion stirred up social media. The lawmaker who created the law bemoaned the fact that it was being applied to this particular case, saying that it wasn’t the original intent of the law at all. In the end, though, it didn’t seem to matter. Guyger was found guilty and sentenced to 10 years in prison.

California State Legislature Passes Law That Will Require Trump To Release Recent Tax Returns

As far back as 2011, Donald Trump offered to release his federal individual tax returns to the American public even though tax returns are a private issue and laypeople are never expected to share their tax returns with others, taking exception only to requests from the Internal Revenue Service, law enforcement agencies, or prospective employers.

Although laypeople don’t reveal their tax returns to others, especially to the public at large, presidential candidates in the United States have long released at least one of their recent tax returns to the American public. As a matter of fact, since 1976, every single major political party candidate has released one or more recent tax return to the public except for Gerald Ford, the nomination for president by the Republican Party in the 1976 United States presidential election.

One of the most important reasons why all major political parties’ presidential candidates release their tax returns dates back to the days of President Richard Nixon. The 37th president, who held office from 1969 to 1975, resigned in the beginning of his second term amid the infamous Watergate scandal.

As part of what unfolded as a result of the Watergate scandal, the American public found out that Richard Nixon had, in fact, manipulated his tax returns to keep from paying some $500,000 in federal taxes to the Internal Revenue Service. Nixon was able to avoid paying so much money to the IRS by reporting a litany of oh-so-questionable deductions on four consecutive years’ worth of tax deductions.

These deductions came in the form of donating upward of 1,000 boxes’ worth of documents to the United States National Archives. The documents weren’t worth anywhere near a half a million dollars, without question.

Since then, people running for presidential office in the United States have openly pumped out their tax returns to the American public.

A brand-spanking-new law passed by the California State Legislature a few weeks ago went into effect today, on Tuesday, July 30, 2019, will force President Trump to submit at least five years’ worth of personal tax returns to the California state government in order to find his way onto the primary presidential ballot in the state of California for the upcoming presidential election. Trump, as well as all other presidential candidates who hope to be on the primary ballot in the state of California for the 2020 presidential election, will have to submit these returns by the end of November.

 

Ex-Trump Advisor Accused Of Violating Gag Order From The Court

Federal prosecutors accused former political advisor to President Donald Trump, Roger Stone, of violating a gag order imposed by the court. Prosecutors say Stone violated the order when he posted comments on social media regarding the investigation conducted by Robert Mueller.

The filing was made by prosecutors in the District of Columbia’s United States District Court and accuses Stone of trying to taint the jury pool before his trial in November. Prosecutors are asking the judge in the case to reconsider the conditions of Stone’s release from detention.

According to lawandcrime.com, in the filing, prosecutors write that Stone posted material that was intended to gain the attention of media sources. They go on to write that the information is irrelevant to the case at hand but is meant to draw an emotional response from potential jurors. The information released by Stone is concerning claims that the Russians did not try to hack servers during the 2016 presidential election.

Lawyers for Roger Stone are also bound by the gag order and have not responded to the recent court filings.

Judge Amy Berman Jackson is likely to be unhappy with the social media posts by Stone and his actions could result in prehearing detention.

Back in February, Stone posted a photo of the judge on his Instagram account. Her face appeared in the photos next to an image of crosshairs. The photo was considered threatening by the judge and triggered the gag order.

Stone apologized at the hearing but the apology was characterized as ‘hollow’ by a visibly angry Judge Jackson. She warned Stone at the time that there would be no second chances if he chose not to abide by the gag order.

Stone was arrested and charged with witness tampering, obstruction of justice, and providing false statements to Congress in connection with Robert Mueller’s investigation into whether the Russian government interfered with the 2016 presidential election process. Thirty-three others were arrested as a result of the investigation.

Stone has pleaded not guilty to all charges levied against him. He has been vocal in the past regarding his disdain for Mueller’s investigation. Stone also expressed disbelief on more than one occasion that any collusion took place between the administration of Donald Trump and the Russian government.

Roger Stone has been critical of what he sees as a failure on the part of mainstream media outlets to cover the poor handling of the investigation by Mueller.

Sandy Hook Father Wins Lawsuit

In 2012, Lenny Pozner suffered an unimaginable tragedy. When a crazed gunman bearing a military-grade weapon burst into his son Noah’s school, the six-year-old lost his life. But what followed over the next few years was shockingly harrowing as well. Instead of receiving sympathy for his loss, Pozner suddenly found that he was the new target of conspiracy theorists. Not only did these fringe radicals claim that Noah had never died at Sandy Hook, but they also put forward the mind-boggling idea that Noah had never even existed in the first place. Instead of being treated like a grieving parent, Lenny Pozner became an easy target for unbalanced people across the world. The harassment reached a fever pitch when one of the conspiracy theorists decided to write a book about Sandy Hook. The book claimed that the grieving families were “crisis actors” and that no murders had ever occurred.

Pozner decided to use the legal system to fight back, filing a defamation lawsuit against the publishers. He won, meaning that the book was removed from shelves. In a stunning turnaround, one of the principals at Moon Rock Books, the group that was responsible for publishing the book, expressed remorse for having published it in the first place. Dave Gahary claimed that he had met in person with Lenny Pozner and believed that Noah had been killed at Sandy Hook.

It’s important to note that this morbid conspiracy theory was fueled by online personality Alex Jones. His show, “Infowars”, consistently hammered the grieving Sandy Hook parents, and supporters of the show appear to have become swept up in the lies Jones repeatedly told on his show. It wasn’t long before many of these families, which were already besieged by grief, were forced into hiding because of Sandy Hook “truthers”. Now that the parents are taking action, Jones is mounting a legal defense of his own. Recently, he claimed that he was under a psychotic spell when he promoted the dangerous Sandy Hook conspiracy on his show.

Read More: https://time.com/5609120/sandy-hook-father-wins-defamation-suit/

Lawyers Propose Nationwide Settlement Framework In Opioid Lawsuits

Attorneys representing the counties and municipalities that are suing manufacturers and distributors of drugs over the roles they played in the opioid epidemic that has devastated the United States spoke publicly recently of a plan to bring the more than 24,000 communities across the country together in search of billions of dollars in settlement money.

A motion was filed in a Cleveland, Ohio federal court and outlined the proposal in detail. Currently, 1,850 lawsuits from local governments are pending with the same court. The allegations detailed in the suits are that drug makers like Purdue Pharma LP are liable for fueling America’s opioid crisis.

Lawyers for the plaintiffs are seeking to certify a class that will include all municipalities in the U.S. that have filed suit for the purposes of negotiating a settlement. The members of the class will possess the right to vote on any settlement offer from a company.

Lawyers say their proposal is in line with the desires expressed by United States District Judge Dan Polster. Judge Polster is presently presiding over the case and has expressed his belief that a national settlement should be reached that would address the crisis in a meaningful way.

Joe Rice is a lawyer with the Motley Rice law firm and is one lawyer working for the plaintiffs in the case. Rice says the proposal will allow companies to act in good faith toward the community without fear of more lawsuits being filed.

Rice says the objective is to form a national group of plaintiffs that will have the power to vote and negotiate a shared settlement. Rice was willing to acknowledge that the proposal may be opposed by some defendants who fear great exposure to liability.

University of Georgia Law Professor Elizabeth Chamblee Burch says it is not clear at this time if the court will give class action status to such a large group of municipalities.

Cardinal Health Inc. is a drug distributor and a defendant in the case. Cardinal Health said the proposal is a novel one that is untested. The drug distributor also said the proposal is likely to be challenged legally and years of litigation could result from these challenges.

The Center for Disease Control in the United States reported 47,600 deaths by overdose in 2017.

The lawsuit alleges that drug makers fueled the opioid crisis by overstating the positive benefits of opioid-based drugs and downplaying the risks of addiction.

Read More: https://www.axios.com/opioid-crisis-lawsuit-settlement-purdue-pharma-10843805-f1bc-4ee5-b27a-ce7280bd4453.html

Court Makes Ruling On Marijuana Possession In Prisons

California is one of the many states in the United States taking measures to legalize marijuana in some way. Proposition 64 in California allowed people in the state to possess small amounts of marijuana without being charged with a felony. A court in California ruled that Proposition 64 should apply to those incarcerated in California prisons as well.

This week, the California Third District Court of Appeals made a ruling on a case that involved five inmates within the California correctional system. The five inmates were found to be in possession of small amounts of marijuana. These inmates were charged with felonies for possession of the substance.

According to NY Times, in a divided decision, a three judge panel ruled that Proposition 64 applies to those in prison as well. The judges ruled that the five inmates could not be charged with felonies for possession. However, the judges also issued some clarifications to the ruling that has left the legal community in California confused.

The court ruled that the inmates could not be charged with felonies for possession, but the court also ruled that inmates could be charged with felonies for smoking or ingesting marijuana while they are incarcerated. The judges also ruled that while the inmates couldn’t be charged for possession, the prison system can still ban marijuana from prisons as a way to maintain safety and order within the state’s prisons.

The court stated that there needed to be new legislation passed in order to make the situation in prisons more clear. The judges also stated that a new referendum is another possible solution to the confusion.

California Attorney General Xavier Becerra expressed his disapproval with the decision of the majority of judges. At this time, it is not known of Mr. Becerra will appeal the ruling in the matter to the California Supreme Court.

Unborn Act, House Bill 126

Last month, Missouri’s governor, Mike Parson, signed pro-life legislation, Missouri Stands for the Unborn Act, a bill also known as House Bill 126, prohibiting abortions after 8 weeks with exceptions for risking the life of the mother. The American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) filed a petition for a referendum which was denied by Secretary of State, Jay Ashcroft, on the grounds that an emergency clause in the bill which went immediately into effect with the governor’s signature would make a referendum in this case contrary to the Missouri State Constitution. The clause states that both parents of minors seeking abortions need to be notified. The rest of the bill is set to pass on August 28.

The American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) has filed a lawsuit against Ashcroft, claiming that the clause does not constitute an emergency since, as it already stood, at least one parent had to be notified, and the people should have their right to a referendum. Ashcroft’s response was that “the court clearly states the determination about whether or not an emergency clause is proper or not is a matter for the courts.” He says that the point remains that any bill with a provision in it that has already been passed precludes the bill from going to a referendum. The ACLU contends that the only reason the clause was included was to preempt a referendum.

A spokesperson from the ACLU said that refusing to allow the referendum proves that those in favor of the bill know they’re acting against the wishes of the majority, and that is why they don’t want it to go to a referendum. Republican House Speaker, Elijah Haahr, was grateful the Governor signed the bill because he said it reflects the values of the majority of the state’s population.

As it stands now, Missouri has only one abortion clinic located in St. Louis. If the law goes into effect on August 28th, any doctor performing an abortion could face up to 15 years in prison, though there is no stipulation that the woman receiving the abortion would be prosecuted.

North Carolina Files Lawsuit Against Juul

Juul Labs, Inc., better known simply as Juul, is one of the most popular manufacturers of e-cigarettes in the United States. The company, which divested its operations from parent company Pax Labs two years ago, also manufactures cartridges that contain nicotine salts, flavoring, and propylene glycol.

Juul’s e-cigarettes have become particularly popular among people under the age of 18, especially those who are attending school across the United States. This is because Juul e-cigarettes are so sleek and easy to hide. Further, they look much like USB drives, further concealing them from teachers’ and administrators’ eyes.

As such, backlash has been voiced by parents, school officials, and others throughout the past two years.

North Carolina just yesterday became the first state to file a formal lawsuit against Juul Labs, Inc.

Attorney General Josh Stein, the attorney general of North Carolina, was ultimately the one who formally filed the lawsuit, claiming that Juul Labs, Inc., was directly responsible for not adhering to the rules and guidelines set forth by the state’s Unfair and Deceptive Trade Practices Act.

Attorney General Stein alleges that Juul violated the Unfair and Deceptive Trade Practices Act by wrongly representing the potential dangers of nicotine in all of its e-cigarette products.

Stein further went on to say that Juul knowingly crafted and advertised its products in a manner that was designed specifically to generate interest among high schoolers and even younger kids, all of whom are not old enough to buy tobacco legally in the United States.

In a tweet from the state’s official Twitter account for its Attorney General, which can be found at @NCAGO, the agency alleged that Juul is responsible for having purposefully targeted people under the age of 2018 and misled them about the potential risks of using its e-cigarettes.

One of the changes that the North Carolina Attorney General has asked Juul to adopt is restricting the variety of vape juice flavors that it currently sells. Mango, which is currently one of the most popular flavors among Juul users in the United States, is a very fruity flavor that has widely appealed to young people across the nation.

Further, Attorney General Josh Stein asked Juul to get rid of all of its stores of consumer information in which the company’s directors are unable to confirm that they are at least 18 years of age. Stein also wants Juul to stop doing business with minors in the state.

Robert F. Kennedy Jr. Among Lawyers Suing To Block Vaccinations Orders In New York City

Five New Your City mothers are suing over an order that requires people living in certain zip codes to be vaccinated for measles. The zip codes in question are locations that have experienced recent measles outbreaks.

The lawsuit filed by the women characterizes the order as arbitrary and unconstitutional. The lawsuit also says there is no evidence of an outbreak of measles that would justify this extreme measure.

The parents also say they are exempted from the vaccinations and accuse the city of New York of violating their First Amendment rights by threatening them with criminal penalties for exercising their right to religious beliefs.

Robert Krakow is the lawsuit’s lead attorney. Robert F. Kennedy Jr., who has been described as a vaccine critic in the past, is also an attorney on the case.

Mayor Bill de Blasio gave the order for the vaccinations on April 9 for areas in the Williamsburg section of Brooklyn. The public health disaster was declared in response to an outbreak of measles among the Orthodox Jewish Community. Rabbis in the community say the vaccines are in accordance with Jewish law.

According to ABA Journal, the order issued by the city requires that all individuals living in designated zip codes be vaccinated for measles, rubella, and mumps if they cannot prove they are immune to catching measles.

There have been 285 documented cases of measles in New York City since the outbreak began in October. People who contract measles are at risk of developing encephalitis, pneumonia, and brain inflammation. Two adults and seven children have been hospitalized after contracting measles during the current outbreak.

Oxiris Barbot is the health commissioner for the city of New York. Barbot blames the current measles outbreak on a group of people using junk science to discourage others from being vaccinated.

The lawsuit questions how safe it is to take the vaccine and says defenders fo the vaccine refuse to disclose the measles cases that result from the vaccine. The fear of the vaccination spreading measles is a ‘poisonous myth’ according to Barbot.

A second lawsuit complains that Rockland County officials overstepped their authority by banning children who did not get vaccinated from schools and other public places. A county judge issued a temporary stay that prevents the order from being enforced for the time being.

Rockland County officials recently issued a second order that requires children who have contracted measles to remain in their homes. Students in two zip codes are also required to stay away from school if they have not been vaccinated.

Kisling, Nestico & Redick Help Cleveland Victims Recover After Dog Bite

Kisling Nestico & RedickAccording to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, about 4.5 million people are bitten by dogs each year, with 20 percent of those bites requiring medical attention. That’s almost one million dog bites labeled as severe and requiring additional treatment. Furthermore, these bites can lead to additional diseases like rabies and tetanus in certain cases. Needless to say, dog bites are no joke and should be taken seriously. The law office of Kisling, Nestico & Redick are experts in handling personal injury lawsuits and can help get the care and compensation victims deserve. 

A dog bite can be a legal matter that must be taken seriously. Data from the Insurance Information Institute shows that $675 million was paid in liability claims in 2018 as a direct result of dog bites or other dog-related injuries. This goes to show how important it is to get the right legal advice for a dog bite and take care of any hardship that may result.

How to Handle a Dog Bite in Cleveland

Because many personal injury laws, including those relating to dog bites, are different from state-to-state, it’s important to understand the laws regarding dog bites in Cleveland before attempting to make a claim.

According to Ohio statute 955.28, an owner, harborer, or keeper of a dog is generally liable for injuries caused by that animal. That person is also responsible for “death or loss to person or property that is caused by the dog.” The individual controlling the dog is therefore at fault in any instance where a dog bite becomes serious and the victim needs medical treatment or additional care.

Additionally, under the state’s common law doctrine, added compensation can be warranted if the dog has previously bitten another person or acted aggressively in the past. However, proving this in a court of law is not easy and may require collecting witness testimony from those who have experienced the dog’s aggressive behavior. Another option is to look up bite records which were previously filed in the court system. If you find that you were not the first victim of the dog in question and there was malicious intent, you may be entitled to punitive damages. These damages are used to punish the defendant for multiple acts of wrongdoing in the hopes of making them understand the severity of these harmful acts.

In the state of Ohio, the majority of dog bite cases are covered under homeowner’s insurance policies. This is the first place a victim can go to obtain the restitution and damages they deserve and may be all that is needed if the bite is less severe. However, more severe bites may warrant additional damages, so it is important to consult with an expert legal team.

It should go without saying that this law does not apply if the injury was inflicted upon someone who was committing an unlawful act, such as trespassing on private property, committing a crime, or abusing the dog in question.

KNR Knows Your Rights

A serious dog bite can start with serious injuries and scars and lead to missed time from work, psychological trauma, and other hardships. The team at Kisling, Nestico & Redick know that anyone bitten by a dog should get the care and compensation they deserve so that they can move forward with their life.

Kisling, Nestico & RedickAn experienced lawyer from Kisling, Nestico & Redick knows the drill when it comes to filing a third-party claim against the insurer representing the dog’s owner. Depending on the bite and severity, this claim may request both economic damages (like medical expenses and lost wages) and non-economic damages (like physical and emotional pain or scarring from the injury).

First, the legal team at KNR works to understand all of the details of the attack by conducting a thorough investigation. From there, the team can then provide guidance on the best next steps, whether that is filing an insurance claim or taking the incident to the legal system and filing a lawsuit against the dog’s owner.

It’s not easy to navigate the insurance and legal systems in Ohio, especially after being attacked and severely injured by a dog. That’s why it’s best to turn to experts who are trained in providing you with the best legal service and can help you recover the most compensation possible to help you move forward with your life.

Contact KNR today to get more information or a free legal consultation for any dog bite that you or a loved one may have recently experienced.

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